Lapang Islanders in Indonesia

"A Summary" – Apr 2, 2011 (Kryon channelled by Lee Carroll) (Subjects: Religion, Shift of Human Consciousness, 2012, Intelligent/Benevolent Design, EU, South America, 5 Currencies, Water Cycle (Heat up, Mini Ice Ace, Oceans, Fish, Earthquakes ..), Middle East, Internet, Israel, Dictators, Palestine, US, Japan (Quake/Tsunami Disasters , People, Society ...), Nuclear Power Revealed, Hydro Power, Geothermal Power, Moon, Financial Institutes (Recession, Realign integrity values ..) , China, North Korea, Global Unity,..... etc.) -

“ … Here is another one. A change in what Human nature will allow for government. "Careful, Kryon, don't talk about politics. You'll get in trouble." I won't get in trouble. I'm going to tell you to watch for leadership that cares about you. "You mean politics is going to change?" It already has. It's beginning. Watch for it. You're going to see a total phase-out of old energy dictatorships eventually. The potential is that you're going to see that before 2013.

They're going to fall over, you know, because the energy of the population will not sustain an old energy leader ..."

(Live Kryon Channelings was given 7 times within the United Nations building.)

Question: Dear Kryon: I live in Spain. I am sorry if I will ask you a question you might have already answered, but the translations of your books are very slow and I might not have gathered all information you have already given. I am quite concerned about abandoned animals. It seems that many people buy animals for their children and as soon as they grow, they set them out somewhere. Recently I had the occasion to see a small kitten in the middle of the street. I did not immediately react, since I could have stopped and taken it, without getting out of the car. So, I went on and at the first occasion I could turn, I went back to see if I could take the kitten, but it was to late, somebody had already killed it. This happened some month ago, but I still feel very sorry for that kitten. I just would like to know, what kind of entity are these animals and how does this fit in our world. Are these entities which choose this kind of life, like we do choose our kind of Human life? I see so many abandoned animals and every time I see one, my heart aches... I would like to know more about them.

Answer: Dear one, indeed the answer has been given, but let us give it again so you all understand. Animals are here on earth for three (3) reasons.

(1) The balance of biological life. . . the circle of energy that is needed for you to exist in what you call "nature."

(2) To be harvested. Yes, it's true. Many exist for your sustenance, and this is appropriate. It is a harmony between Human and animal, and always has. Remember the buffalo that willingly came into the indigenous tribes to be sacrificed when called? These are stories that you should examine again. The inappropriateness of today's culture is how these precious creatures are treated. Did you know that if there was an honoring ceremony at their death, they would nourish you better? Did you know that there is ceremony that could benefit all of humanity in this way. Perhaps it's time you saw it.

(3) To be loved and to love. For many cultures, animals serve as surrogate children, loved and taken care of. It gives Humans a chance to show compassion when they need it, and to have unconditional love when they need it. This is extremely important to many, and provides balance and centering for many.

Do animals know all this? At a basic level, they do. Not in the way you "know," but in a cellular awareness they understand that they are here in service to planet earth. If you honor them in all three instances, then balance will be the result. Your feelings about their treatment is important. Temper your reactions with the spiritual logic of their appropriateness and their service to humanity. Honor them in all three cases.

Japan's Antarctic whaling hunt ruled 'not scientific'

Japan's Antarctic whaling hunt ruled 'not scientific'
Representatives of Japan and Australia shake hands at the court in The Hague. (NOS/ANP) - 31 March 2014

Tuesday, September 16, 2014

New Antarctic sea ice record — but scientists aren’t ‘confounded’

The Conversation, James Whitmore, 15 September 2014

Sea ice on the Ross Sea - part of Antarctica where the ice is increasing.
Brian Stetson/Flickr, CC BY-NC-SA

Antarctic winter sea ice has once again broken the record for maximum extent. On September 12, the coverage measured 19.619 million square kilometres, the highest since satellite records began.

The ice has broken daily records on about 150 days this year, indicating consistently greater coverage than in previous years. With several weeks of growth still to go, more records could fall.

2014 is the third year in a row that the ice has broken the maximum extent record. In 2013 the sea ice reached 19.47 million square km, 3.6% above the average for 1981-2010. The records continue a weak trend towards greater sea ice cover, which evidence suggests is linked to increasing greenhouse gases and climate change.

Dr Guy Williams, a sea ice specialist at University of Tasmania who has previously written on The Conversation, said the new records add to an “exciting” puzzle for climate scientists. Each record-breaking year is different due to variations in seasonal weather and ocean conditions — “it’s those differences that will tell us something.”

Trends in sea ice duration, 1979-2010,
showing large regional variations. Figure
from Maksym et al. 2012 Guy Williams
Total sea ice extent is not the full story either. The weak positive trend masks declines in some regions, and increases in others. Parts of the Antarctic — particularly to the west of the Antarctic Peninsula — show a very large decline in sea ice. In other regions, such as the Ross Sea, sea ice is increasing.

There are also as yet no published data on sea ice volume — a much better measure of whether sea ice is increasing or decreasing.

Two suspects: wind and water

There are two main hypotheses to explain the changes in Antarctic sea ice. The first is that westerly winds, which flow around Antarctica, are speeding up and shifting south. Counter-intuitively, this drives sea ice further north.

Scientists have shown that there is a direct link between the winds shifting south and increasing greenhouse and ozone-depleting gases, and a link between the winds and increasing sea ice cover, but not as yet a link between all three.

Dr Williams said so far this year the hypothesis checks out — atmospheric patterns, comparable to El Niño that affects the Pacific Ocean, mean the westerly winds are further south than normal.

The other hypothesis is that melt water from Antarctica’s melting glaciers and ice sheets is making it easier for sea ice to form. As the ice melts, cold, fresh water pours into the surrounding ocean. Colder and fresher surface water freezes more easily, and also reduces the heat from deeper in the ocean reaching the surface.

Dr Williams said scientists investigating satellite-derived sea surface temperatures in the Ross Sea — where sea ice is increasing — are reporting that the surface water has indeed been colder this year.

Related Articles:

New Mini Ice Age

“… So now we've refreshed that which we have said before, a review. You are in the middle of a cycle that will bring cooling to the planet. It is not a heat cycle, but rather a cooling cycle. But it always starts with a short heat cycle. It has been here before. It will come again. It is a long cycle - one generation plus five years. That's how long it's going to last. It starts with the melting of the ice caps, which is far more than any of you have seen in your lifetime or those of your ancestors. It is a cycle whose repetition is thousands of years long, but one that has not yet been recorded to the books of Human record. But it's definitely been recorded in the cores of the ice and in the rings of the trees.

Thousands of years old, it is, and it happens in a cyclical way. It's about water. It starts with that which is the melting of the ice caps to a particular degree, which has a profound effect on the planet in all ways. You can't have that happen without seeing life change as well as Gaia change and you've seeing it already. What happens when you take that which is heavy on the poles [ice] and you melt it? It then becomes cold water added to that which is a very, very gentle and finite balance of temperature in the seas of the planet (1). The first thing that happens is a redistribution of the weight of water on the thin crust of the earth from ice at the poles to new water in the seas. The results become earthquakes and volcanoes, and you're seeing them, aren't you? You are having earthquakes in places that are not supposed to have earthquakes. Volcanoes are coming to life in a way that you've not seen before on a regular basis. There will be more. Expect them.

Is it too much to ask of a Human Being that if you live by a volcano that you know might erupt, maybe you ought to move? Yet there will be those who say, "It hasn't erupted in my lifetime or my parents' lifetime or my grandparents' lifetime; therefore, it won't." You may have a surprise, for all things are changing. That is what is happening to Gaia. ….“

(Subjects: Religion, Shift of Human Consciousness, 2012, Intelligent/Benevolent Design, EU, South America, 5 Currencies, Water Cycle (Heat up, Mini Ice Ace, Oceans, Fish, Earthquakes ..), Middle East, Internet, Israel, Dictators, Palestine, US, Japan (Quake/Tsunami Disasters , People, Society ...), Nuclear Power Revealed, Hydro Power, Geothermal Power, Moon, Financial Institutes (Recession, Realign integrity values ..) , China, North Korea, Global Unity,..... etc.) - (Text version)

“… The Weather

Let's talk about the weather. We retreat to exactly what we told you before in this very chair. The water cycle is a cooling cycle, not a heating cycle. You're going to have more severe winters and storms. It's going to get colder. But it gets warmer before it gets colder. That is the cycle, and it has always been the cycle. You can see it in the rings of the trees and the cores of the ice. Don't let your scientists pull the political wool over your eyes for their own purposes. Start seeing these things for what they are. It's a recurring cycle based on four Earth alignment attributes, including the wobble (the precession). You're in this cycle. Prepare.

The beginnings of it will be with you from now at least until the end of the 2012 36-year window, and you can watch it work. The first thing that happens is that the ice melts at the poles, but not completely. It's the way it has happened before. As the redistribution of weight from the poles to the oceans of the earth takes place, the weight is redistributed to the crust, and that creates earthquakes. And the earthquakes that will be the most powerful are the ones that are closest to the poles. We told you that some time ago. So it's not a mystery that suddenly you have some of the most powerful earthquakes that you've ever had. Not only that, but a cooling ocean creates larger storms.

What do the conspiracists do with all this? "See? We're doomed. Here it comes," they say. "Here it comes! The end is here!" Twenty-two years ago, we gave you the information that is happening today. We told you about the weather. We told you to get ready for it, but we still haven't told you why the water cycle is needed. We've hinted at it since it is very controversial, and we'll lose many readers right here and now. Here's the prediction: The scientists are going to laugh and biologists are going to scratch their heads and roll their eyes.

The Refreshing of the Cycle of Life

When you change the temperature of the waters of the planet, it changes the life cycle of the ocean and it eventually renews itself. The life cycle of the planet has a limit to its viability over time. There has to be a refreshing of the very cycle of life, and this is what the water cycle does. Are there any places you've seen too many fish lately? Yes. Millions of salmon in the north. Odd that it was in Alaska, isn't it? Alaska is very close to the poles where the water temperature is being felt first. Oh, again the experts will tell you that this is not the reason. It's about hatcheries and rivers. But nobody predicted this, did they? Science is fast to give you reasons, but slow to give you logic in advance. They always seem to be surprised.

We are saying things we haven't said before. Again, watch for this, an actual change in the life cycle of the planet's oceans because of the water temperature shift. Biologists are going to have to start redesigning the paradigm of how everything works, including reefs, ocean bottoms, and how plankton survive and reproduce. Listen, this is not the first time that the life cycle has been refreshed! But again, this may take generations of humanity to complete. In the process, you may again lose species. This is normal. Gaia is slow, and Humans are impatient. Your textbooks may someday tell of how naive humanity was back in 2011 when they tried to blame weather changes on everything but a natural cycle. Now you know why there is a water cycle.

So what does that tell you about Gaia? Gaia is beginning the cycle of refreshing life on over-fished oceans. It tells you that in the cracks, there is love and caring about the Humans who live on the earth. There's a reason you're here. There's a plan here, and a benevolent Universe and quantum energy with intelligent design. All is there for you, precious, sacred Human Being. …”

"... Magnetics: Always a Player in The Shift

Many things are happening with the planet at the moment. The magnetics are changing as well. The magnetics of the solar system and the sun in particular, have an influence on your weather. How many sun spots have you seen lately? What do you think about the correlation of a sun that has very few, with your earth climate?  When can you remember that in your lifetime? What does it mean? I will tell you, dear Human Beings, that it's all related to what's happening on the earth. You may not understand the correlation, but I will tell you there is a profound one. What if [astronomy hint coming next], what if sun spots were created by gravitational and other interdimensional forces caused by the orbiting planets? Has there even been a correlation made between sun spots and the positions of the planets? Too weird? The invitation is there to see the correlations.

The sun is the fulcrum of the interdimensional gravitational pull attributes of the planets around it. There is information that is interdimensional – call it a gravitational patterning, if you wish – which the sun generates every moment of the day. As the planets push and pull on the fulcrum of the solar system [effect the sun through gravity], they affect the sun's attitude. These patterns are unique every day, and they intersect the magnetic field of the earth as they are blasted from the Sun in what you would call the solar wind.

The solar wind is a magnetic heliosphere, and has very multidimensional properties. This magnetic wind strikes the earth, intersecting with the magnetic field, and you can see it! You call it the Aurora Borealis. It's one giant magnetic field [the sun] intersecting another [the earth]. Science calls this intersecting phenomena inductance. In that intersecting energy, there is a transference of the informative patterning of the sun [at that moment] to the magnetic grid of the earth. Now, it's the magnetic grid of the planet that you sit in. All of life does.

Now we give you information we've given you before: The Merkabah. That is to say, your DNA imprint - the field around you - receives the magnetic grid's sun information, and the instructions within that field are passed right to the DNA, which is also magnetic. I have just given you the magnetic transmission chain that you think is esoteric. It's not. It's hard science. But to think that the interdimensional, magnetic and gravitational attributes of the solar system are going to your DNA is very esoteric. Some call it astrology. The truth is that it's for humanity, and also for Gaia! For remember that it is the earth that is part of the magnetic chain of information to your cellular structure [the Magnetic Grid]. It tells it when to do what it does. It's all related. So how related are you to Gaia? How much do you address this consciousness? ..."

Greenland gets whale hunting permit, Iceland's commercial program criticized

The International Whaling Commission has approved a hunting quota of 207 kills per year for aboriginal Greenlanders. Meanwhile, several countries have criticized Iceland for its commercial whaling program.

Deutsche Welle, 16 Sep 2014

Members of the International Whaling Commission (IWC) voted in favor of Greenland's proposed whale hunting quota at a summit in Portoroz, Slovenia on Monday.

Valid from 2015 through 2018, the proposal will allow the country's aborigines to take 176 minke, 19 fin, 10 humpback and two bowhead whales per year. Critics of the quota argue that much of the meat meant for the local Inuit population would be sold off instead.

"More than 800 whales were condemned today just in the Greenland vote," Wendy Higgins of the Humane Society International (HIS) told the AFP news agency. The Animal Welfare Institute voiced concern that "the new IWC quota will give Greenland more whale meat than its native people need for nutritional subsistence and that the surplus will continue to be sold commercially, including to tourists."

The IWC's members are split on
whether whaling is acceptable
At the IWC's last gathering in 2012, a similar bid for a larger Greenland quota was voted down.

Joint letter blasts Iceland

Despite an international moratorium on commercial whale hunting, aboriginal communities in North America, Russia, Greenland and the Caribbean nation of Saint Vincent and the Grenadines receive special quotas permitting them to hunt whales for meat.

Iceland, one of the IWC's 88 members, rejects the 1986 moratorium on commercial whaling. The EU, US and several other countries on Monday formally called on the government in Reykjavik to reconsider its commercial program.

"We … wish to express our strong opposition to Iceland's continuing and increased commercial harvest of whales, particularly fin whales, and to its ongoing international trade in whale products," said the joint letter, submitted ahead of the summit's opening day.

"We are not convinced that Iceland's harvest and subsequent trade of fin whales meets any domestic market or need; it also undermines effective international cetacean conservation efforts."

Whale meat is a delicacy in many
countries, including Japan
Other signatories, besides the US and the 28 EU member states, included Australia, Brazil, Israel, Mexico and New Zealand.

Japan to resubmit 'research program'

Japan's plan for an expanded Antarctic Ocean whaling program, said to be for research purposes, is expected to feature heavily at the four-day meeting in Slovenia. In March, the International Court of Justice (ICJ) ruled that the program was not scientific, saying it didn't produce much actual research or justify the numbers of whales harvested. Japan is expected to outline a new plan during the summit, likely to pledge a reduction in the number and types of whales it intends to hunt.

"The content of our new research program will not be so different from our past research activities, which were highly regarded by scientists," said Hideki Moronuki, a spokesman for the Japanese delegation. "The main purpose was always to achieve sustainable use of whale resources."

The delegation from New Zealand, one of the IWC's members that strongly opposes whaling, was planning a draft resolution designed to uphold the ICJ ruling on Japan to ensure that no "illegal permits for scientific whaling" would be issued.

msh/crh (AFP, AP, dpa)

Five shark species gain international protection

After years of government wrangling, five types of sharks have gained protected status under an international treaty. Although shark advocates welcome the decision, enforcement of the protections could be tricky.

Deutsche Welle, 15 Sep 2014

Steven Spielberg's Hollywood film "Jaws" painted the great white shark as a vicious monster, which in that movie attacked and killed four people in just a few days. But statistically, only around five people per year die as a result of a shark attacks. In most of those cases, the massive fish have confused people for its prey, like seals, while hunting.

And because it is threatened in many regions, the great white shark in 2004 gained protection under the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (CITES), even though it is not commercially fished.

The conservation situation was not much better for the porbeagle, oceanic whitetip and three types of hammerhead. Overall, many shark species have declined by up to 90 percent. Nor has the manta ray been doing too well.

On Sunday (14.09.2014), these five sharks species and all manta rays were entered onto the CITES Appendix II list, which is meant to limit their international trade.
Heike Finke, a species protection expert at German conservation organization NABU, called the animals' decline "frightening." The sharks' troublesome conservation status may be traced back to intensive fishing, she said. But it also has to do with the sharks' lifecycle, she explained: "It sometimes takes up to 22 years for them to reach sexual maturity," Finke said.

Humans get attacked by sharks only typically when confused with prey

More endangered than tigers and snow leopards

If a marine species takes 20 years to reproduce, there is a high probability it will end up in a fishing net before it has the chance to produce young. This is one of the main reasons why the shark is declining.

While endangered species as tigers and snow leopards can be captive bred - including in zoos - sharks don't present that possibility, Finke thinks.

Sharks are not suitable for being held in aquariums, she explained. "If they disappear, then the species will be gone forever."

Shark-finning shame

In Germany and Europe, shark meat is made into steaks, Schillerlocke (a strip of smoked dogfish), or fish and chips. In China and Japan, a special delicacy is shark-fin soup.

Finke said sharks are more endangered
than tigers
This appetite for shark-fin soup has also been driving the species toward extinction. It's led to the especially wasteful practice of many fishermen cutting in particular the dorsal or top fins off the animals, and then throwing the rest of the body back overboard. Shark fins are compact and relatively easy to transport with minimal refrigeration, yet the meat must be kept cool.

Heike Finke called the practice outrageous. "It's perfectly good meat," she said of the rest of the animal. Sharks remain alive once the fins have been removed, she explained, but then they "suffocate slowly and horrifically over the course of several days."

Cartilage from the fin is used in China for medicinal purposes, as the folk belief is that it's effective against diseases such as cancer and Parkinson's.

Meanwhile, sharks' teeth and the gill rakers from manta rays are used in jewelry or sold as souvenirs.

Still little known about sharks

Despite their intimidating reputation, there's a lack of real scientific research about sharks. "It is difficult for us to observe the animals underwater," said Finke. She continued to explain how great white sharks have more recently been fitted with transmitters to gain insights into their habitat and mating behavior.

With hammerhead sharks, for example, it is known that pregnant females travel in groups. For several pregnant hammerheads to land in a fishing net then amounts to a blow for the species.

More knowledge about the animals will be essential in establishing no-fishing zones for sharks, for instance during the periods when they bear their live young. With the species' inscription onto the CITES list of protected species, it's possible to better control fishing.

Enforcement challenge for new protective status

The restrictions on commercial exploitation of the five species that came into force on Sunday follows European Union guidelines. The EU banned commercial capture of the dogfish and porbeagle in 2010.

If the protected sharks are fished and traded internationally, then the exporter theoretically has to show evidence that the fish came from an area where there was sufficient population.

Limiting shark-finning amounts to a tricky equation

Joachim Flasbarth, secretary of state of the German environmental ministry of, has campaigned vigorously for shark conservation. Flasbarth welcomed the decision to add the species to the CITES protection list, and told the German press agency dpa that the treaty has finally created an international venue for punishing violators.

Implementing shark protections could, however, be tricky. Although all countries that are party to CITES are obliged to enforce the protection through national law, most shark exploitation occurs in international waters on the high seas by industrial ships of often nebulous national origin. Shark finning also takes place in countries that haven't signed the treaty.

According to NABU, in the year 2000 more than 800,000 tons of sharks and manta rays were officially registered as being caught - this represents some 100 million sharks.

"How high the number of unreported cases is, one can only guess," Finke concluded.

Related Articles:

Question (2002): Dear Kryon, A friend and I are meditating on the recent shark attacks and feel that it has to do with the planetary changes. We just can’t understand why they have become aggressive. What is the message the sharks are bringing? Why is this happening?
—Thank you,

Answer: Indeed there are changes with the environment and also with biology regarding the 12-year grid change. I will first give you what was happening in general: What you are seeing are mammals, amphibians, insects, and even fish that are in areas that are new to them. Every life-form that migrates is effected by magnetics. All life forms that follows certain feeding scenarios and are “following the food” have the potential to be affected. This is due to the changing of the magnetic ley lines of the earth as we have stated before.

The areas where you can see in the ocean most clearly are within those migration patterns closest to the land. Where the ocean interfaces with the land, there are challenges for all these creatures for at least one of their generations. Whales will beach themselves by following old magnetics headings that now “drive” them into peninsula’s and other land areas that were marginally on the edge of their old paths. Birds, amphibians, and insects will be seen to do odd things for awhile.

So these shark fish may be in greater numbers in these coastal areas than in the past, but the increased aggressive behavior was actually something else: There was a tremendous “release” of energy due to the Sept. 11 event. Much like the energy of earthquakes and other earth movement, much of the environment “feels it” coming. We have spoken about how the Sept. 11 event was not a surprise to the earth. [See Lee’s article “Did Kryon give us hints”] So, some of the new actions of these fish were due to an actual energy buildup of coming events... of which you now understand.

If you are paying attention, therefore, you might ask, “Does this mean that Human consciousness issues affect the actual earth?” Yes they do! Finally you may begin to see how global consciousness is tied into the environment, and even to basic physics and reality. They are not separate, and never were. The indigenous knew it, and now the “modern” world is beginning to wonder.

Blessed is the Human Being who understands that what they think, do, and intend, actually drives the reality of the dirt of the planet!

Wild Chinese sturgeon on brink of extinction: state media

Yahoo – AFP, 15 Sep 2014

Artificially bred Chinese sturgeons are released into the Yangtze river in
China's Hubei province on April 13, 2014 (AFP Photo)

Beijing (AFP) - The wild Chinese sturgeon is at risk of extinction, state media reported, after none of the rare fish were detected reproducing naturally in the polluted and crowded Yangtze river last year.

One of the world's oldest living species, the wild Chinese sturgeon are thought to have existed for more than 140 million years but have seen their numbers crash as China's economic boom brings with it pollution, dams and boat traffic along the world's third-longest river.

For the first time since researchers began keeping records 32 years ago, there was no natural reproduction of wild Chinese sturgeon in 2013, according to a report published by the Chinese Academy of Fishery Sciences.

Artificially bred Chinese sturgeons pictured
in a tank before they are release into the 
Yangtze river in China's Hubei province on 
April 13, 2014 (AFP Photo)
No eggs were found to have been laid by wild sturgeons in an area in central China's Hubei province, and no young sturgeons were found swimming along the Yangtze toward the sea in August, the month when they typically do so.

"No natural reproduction means that the sturgeons would not expand its population and without protection, they might risk extinction," Wei Qiwei, an investigator with the academy, told China's official Xinhua news agency on Saturday.

The fish is classed as "critically endangered" on the International Union for the Conservation of Nature's "Red List" of threatened species, just one level ahead of "extinct in the wild".

Only around 100 of the sturgeon remain, Wei said, compared with several thousand in the 1980s.

Chinese authorities have built dozens of dams -- including the world's largest, the Three Gorges -- along the Yangtze river, which campaigners say have led to environmental degradation and disrupted the habitats of a range of endangered species.

Many sturgeon have also been killed, injured by ship propellers or after becoming tangled in fishermen's nets.

Animal populations in many of China's ecosystems have plummeted during the country's decades of development and urbanisation, the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) said in a 2012 study.

According to findings compiled by WWF from various sources, the Yangtze river dolphin population crashed by 99.4 percent from 1980 to 2006, while that of the Chinese alligator fell by 97 percent from 1955 to 2010.

Monday, September 15, 2014

Plastic pollution choking Australian waters: study

Yahoo – AFP, 15 Sep 2014

Three-quarters of the trash found off Australian beaches is plastic, study says
(AFP Photo/Saeed Khan)

Three-quarters of the trash found off Australian beaches is plastic, a study released Monday said as it warned that the rubbish is entangling and being swallowed by wildlife.

Researchers surveyed the vast Australian coastline at intervals of about 100 kilometres (62 miles), compiling the world's largest collection of marine debris data, the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO) said.

"We found about three-quarters of the rubbish along the coast is plastic," CSIRO scientist Denise Hardesty said.

"Most is from Australian sources, not the high seas, with debris concentrated near cities."

Rubbish found included glass and plastic bottles, cans, bags, balloons, pieces of rubber, metal and fibreglass as well as fishing gear and other items lost or discarded in or near the sea.

This marine debris not only poses a navigation hazard but can smother coral reefs, transport invasive species, harm tourism and kill and injure wildlife, the report said.

It warned that litter impacted wildlife through entanglement and ingestion but also indirectly via the chemicals it introduces into marine ecosystems.

Smaller turtle species in particular ingest the debris, possibly because soft, clear plastic resembles its natural prey jellyfish, it said.

"Our findings indicate oceanic leatherback turtles and green turtles are at the greatest risk of both lethal and sub-lethal effects from ingested marine debris," the report said.

Rubbish found on Australian beaches included glass and plastic bottles, cans, bags,
 balloons, pieces of rubber, metal and fibreglass as well as fishing gear (AFP Photo/
Romeo Gacad)

Birds, meanwhile, eat everything from balloons to string, with the survey finding 43 percent of seabirds had plastic in their gut, with the Tasman Sea between Australia, New Zealand and the Southern Ocean pinpointed as a high risk region.

"Our analyses predict that plastics ingestion in seabirds may reach 95 percent of all species by 2050, given the steady increase of plastics production," it said.

Entanglement also poses the risk of death or maiming to seabirds, turtles, whales, dolphins, dugongs, fish, crabs and crocodiles and other species.

"Approximately one-third of marine turtles around the world have likely ingested debris, and this has increased since plastic production began in the 1950s," Hardesty said.

"We also estimate that between 5,000 and 15,000 turtles have been killed in the Gulf of Carpentaria (in northern Australia) after becoming ensnared by derelict fishing nets mostly originating from overseas."

The report, part of a three-year marine debris research and education programme developed by Earthwatch Australia with CSIRO and energy group Shell, found that there were two main drivers of the pollution -- littering and illegal dumping.

Related Article:

Friday, September 12, 2014

Delft student raises $2m through crowdfunding for plastic soup plan, Thursday 11 September 2014

An impression of how the system might look. Photo: Ocean Cleanup

A former Delft University student says he has raised $2m via an internet crowdfunding project to fund his ambitious plan to scoop plastic out of the Pacific Ocean.

Boyan Slat, 20, wants to develop a massive floating boom to catch the plastic soup and scoop it into ships. His project first hit the headlines earlier this year.

Slat plans to use the $2m to start developing his Ocean Cleanup system and run trials using a boom of between five and 10 kilometres long. Eventually he hopes to develop a 100 kilometre catchment system.


With two days to go, over 37,500 people have donated funding to the project over the past two months.

Slat thinks his dream will eventually cost over €300m to produce and says he expects to raise that money once the technology has been proven. 'If you consider the plastic in the oceans causes damage worth some $13bn a year, I think the money will be forthcoming,' he told news agency ANP.

In the meantime, the project is taking up so much time that Slat has abandoned his aeronautical engineering degree. 'I can't think of anything better than developing a solution to a global problem and realising it with the support of tens of thousands of people,' he said.

Sea cucumber farming hurting Bohai Bay's marine life

Want China Times, Staff Reporter 2014-09-11

A sea cucumber. (File photo/CFP)

The considerable amount of quicklime and antibiotics used in sea cucumber farming has severely polluted northern China's Bohai Bay, pushing a lot of marine life to the brink of extinction.

Sea cucumber farmers harvest once every five years on average. They drain the water, collect the matured sea cucumbers and then use quicklime as an anti-bacterial agent to "clean up" the mud in the fishing grounds. The quicklime, together with all other waste materials, is released without any treatment into the ocean.

The corrosive chemicals commonly used in sea cucumber farming pose a threat not only to marine species but also to migratory seabirds. Every time sea cucumber farmers discharge wastewater into the ocean, dead fish can be found floating in surrounding waters.

Another serious source of pollution comes from the antibiotics used for sea cucumber cultivation. To reduce the mortality rate of sea cucumber larvae, sea cucumber farmers use anti-inflammatory and anti-bacterial agents to protect the larvae against disease.

They also use other chemicals to kill marine species that might compete for food, which has further worsened the quality of seawater in surrounding areas.

A reporter from the state-run China News Service who visited a sea cucumber farm saw the ground littered with empty cylinders and bottles which had previously contained antibiotics and chemicals. He said it was shocking to bump into these "marine life killers" everywhere.

The sea cucumber farming industry has developed rapidly over recent years due to the pursuit of economic interests from the Liaodong peninsula to the Shandong peninsula. All the wetlands have been transformed into sea cucumber farms, some of which are even encroaching upon the National Ocean Reserve area. The eutrophication of the surrounding ocean is so serious that even mullet and shrimps have disappeared from the area.

Wednesday, September 10, 2014

British ship from 1845 Franklin expedition found by Canada

Ship could be HMS Erebus or HMS Terror, both of which vanished on expedition to fabled Northwest Passage, Agencies in Ottawa,  Tuesday 9 September 2014

A sonar image of the ship on the sea floor in northern Canada. Photograph: AP

A British ship that disappeared in the Arctic more than 160 years ago has been found, helping to clear up an enduring historical mystery, the Canadian prime minister, Stephen Harper, announced on Tuesday.

The HMS Erebus and HMS Terror were last seen in the late 1845 when the British arctic explorer Sir John Franklin and 128 hand-picked officers and men vanished on an expedition to find the fabled Northwest Passage.

Their disappearance prompted one of history's largest and longest rescue searches, which lasted until 1859, but no sign of either ship was found.

Canadian divers and archaeologists had been trying since 2008 to find the ships, which became ice-bound off King William Island in the Victoria Strait in the Arctic territory of Nunavut.

Harper said: "This is truly a historic moment for Canada. This has been a great Canadian story and mystery and the subject of scientists, historians, writers and singers so I think we really have an important day in mapping the history of our country."

The mystery has gripped Canadians for generations, in part because of the crew's grisly fate. Inuit say the desperate men resorted to cannibalism before they died.

Harper's government began searching for Franklin's ships as it looked to assert Canada's sovereignty over the Northwest Passage, where melting Arctic ice has unlocked the very shipping route Franklin was after.

The original search for the ships helped open up parts of the Canadian Arctic for discovery back in the 1850s.

A ship was found on Sunday, using a remotely operated underwater vehicle, Harper said, although it remains unclear which vessel it is.

The discovery comes shortly after a team of archeologists found a tiny fragment from the Franklin expedition. Searchers discovered an iron fitting that once helped support a boat from one of the doomed expedition's ships in the King William Island search area.

Franklin's vessels are among the most sought-after prizes in marine archaeology. Harper said the discovery would shed light on what happened to Franklin's crew.

Tantalising traces have been found over the years, including the bodies of three crewmen discovered in the 1980s.

The bodies of two English seamen – John Hartnell, 25, and Royal Marine William Braine, 33 – were exhumed in 1986. An expedition uncovered the perfectly preserved remains of a petty officer, John Torrington, 20, in an ice-filled coffin in 1984.

Experts believe the ships were lost in 1848 after they became locked in the ice near King William Island and that the crews abandoned them in a hopeless bid to reach safety.

The search for an Arctic passage to Asia frustrated explorers for centuries, beginning with John Cabot's voyage in 1497. Eventually it became clear that a passage did exist, but was too far north for practical use. Cabot, the Italian-British explorer, died in 1498 while trying to find it and the shortcut eluded other famous explorers including Henry Hudson and Francis Drake.

No sea crossing was successful until Roald Amundsen of Norway completed his trip from 1903-1906.

Deadly shark attack at popular Australian beach

An Australian swimmer has died after suffering a shark bite, believed to be from a great white. The death was the first blamed on a shark in Australia since April 3.

Deutsche Welle, 9 Sep 2014

A man in his 50s was killed in front of his wife Tuesday while swimming in the Australian town of Byron Bay, a favored tourist location. He was spotted floating only 15 meters offshore with a serious bite out of his right leg, thought to be from a great white.

A doctor was already on the scene at Clarkes Beach, 500 miles (800 km) north of Sydney. Police have confirmed that attempts to revive the man after he was pulled ashore by other swimmers proved futile.

One of the swimmers, Mark Hickey, described watching the sea fill with blood as the shark "came back to him and had another go…when I realized I ran out and waded to the bank and grabbed him…but it was too late." Hickey also claimed that the shark was at least six feet (two meters) long.

Great white sharks can grow to
be 21 feet (6.4 m) in length
Soon after the attack, a great white shark was detected by helicopters as authorities endeavored to drive the animal back out to sea.

Fatal attacks on the rise

This is the latest fatal encounter after a 63-year-old woman was killed during her daily swim last April. Only her swimming cap and goggles were recovered. Two people died from shark bites in Australia during 2013, both in the space of a week in November.

Shark attacks in Australia are rare, at an average of fewer than two fatal attacks per year in recent decades. However, their frequency has increased in recent years as water sports become more popular. Byron Bay is particularly known to surfers and scuba divers.

es/msh (AP, AFP, dpa)markets.

Sunday, September 7, 2014

California blue whales bounce back to near historic numbers

BBC News, Matt McGrath, Environment correspondent, 5 Sep 2014

A blue whale estimated to be around 20m long, swimming off Baja California

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Researchers believe that California blue whales have recovered in numbers and the population has returned to sustainable levels.

Scientists say this is the only population of blue whales to have rebounded from the ravages of whaling.

The research team estimate that there are now 2,200 of these giant creatures on the eastern side of the Pacific Ocean.

But concerns remain about their vulnerability to being struck by ships.

At up to 33m in length and weighing in at up to 190 tonnes, blue whales are the largest animals on the planet.

The California variety is often seen feeding close to the coast of the state, but they are found all the way from the Gulf of Alaska down to Costa Rica.

Soviet secrecy

Writing in the journal, Marine Mammal Science, researchers from the University of Washington say the California blue whales are now at 97% of their historical levels.

Working out that this species is now back at its traditional numbers required some dogged scientific sleuthing.

Whaling nations concentrated their hunting efforts on the colder waters of the Antarctic and until the practice was banned in 1966 some 346,000 of the animals were killed by harpoon.

The numbers of blue whales caught in the Pacific was much lower, approximately 3,400 between 1905 and 1971.

Much of this hunting was carried out by Russian fleets.

However most of the data on the catches was kept secret under the Soviet regime. Scientists have only recently been able to get access to this information in the archives.

However the location and size of the catches didn't give any clues to the types of blue whales that had been caught. There are two distinct populations, the California group and others that live near Japan and Russia.

To figure out which whales were which, the scientists turned to song.

"We were trying to separate the catches into east and west, but we didn't know the boundary between the two," said Dr Trevor Branch from the University of Washington.

A cow and calf in the waters off the
California Channel Islands
"So we used the current locations of where they sing to figure out the dividing line. Their repetitive calls are different."

By being able to accurately work out the numbers lost to whaling, the research team was able to calculate a historic population.

Now back at 97% of their past numbers, the team believes that a rise in population has slowed down as these whales have reached the capacity of what the ocean system can support.

One concern for the scientists at present are ship strikes.

Most of these happen off the coast of California, and so worried are the authorities that they are now paying merchant shipping to slow down.

"Our perspective is that we'd rather there were no ship strikes at all, and they are over the legal limit," said Dr Branch.

"They have to do something to stop it, but 11 per year is so much lower than historic catches."

This new data suggests that there could be an 11-fold increase in ships before there is a 50% chance that the population will drop below what is considered "depleted" by regulators.

"My impression is that they are fairly robust," said Cole Monnahan, also from the University of Washington and the lead author on the paper.

"If you can whale them pretty extensively for 50-70 years and they are able to recover I think that says a lot about moving forward.

"In terms of things like climate change, it is hard to predict but I don't think we would expect a precipitous drop off."

While applauding the success of the conservation efforts in the California region, the scientists are well aware that not all whale populations have managed to rebound. In Antarctica, blue whales are at approximately 1% of their historic numbers.

"California blue whales are recovering because we took actions to stop catches and start monitoring," said Cole Monnahan,

"If we hadn't, the population might have been pushed to near extinction - an unfortunate fate suffered by other blue whale populations."